Jump to navigation Jump to search Not to be confused with Cadillac Calais. This article is about the front-wheel-drive model. For the earlier rear-wheel-drive model, see Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme. This article does not cite any sources. The Oldsmobile Calais is a compact car that was manufactured and marketed by Oldsmobile from 1985 through 1991, superseding the Oldsmobile Omega and named oldsmobile cutless the city of Calais, France.
Calais Supreme two-door with a gray velour interior. In 1987, the Quad 4 engine was developed and became available in a special limited edition of the Calais called the “GMO Quad 4”. The International Series was available as both a 2-door or a 4-door and featured exclusive options for the Calais range including lower front and rear facias, lower rocker extensions, and quad-tipped sport exhaust. Changes inside include thickly bolstered sport seats which feature driver-side power controls and were available in cloth with leather accents or full leather. There was also a Cadillac Calais model, sold from 1965 to 1976.
The Oldsmobile Cutlass was a range of automobiles produced by General Motors’ Oldsmobile division between 1961 and 1999. By the 1980s, Oldsmobile was using the Cutlass as a sub-marque, with numerous vehicle lines bearing the name simultaneously. The Cutlass was named after the type of sword, which was common during the Age of Sail. Oldsmobile first used the Cutlass name on an experimental sports coupe designed in 1954. Its platform was similar to the compact F-85 introduced seven years later. General Motors began developing its first compact cars in 1956, beginning with initial planning on what would become the Chevrolet Corvair in 1960. The first-year F-85 was offered in two body styles, a four-door sedan or a four-door station wagon with either two or three seats, and in a choice of two trim levels, base or De Luxe.
They praised its construction, but found its steering too slow and its suspension too soft for enthusiastic driving. For 1962 styling changes were minor, and included a new grille, different chrome ornamentation on the bodysides and new interior trim. The existing F-85 models returned, and a convertible was added to the line-up in September, available in both standard and Cutlass versions. The automatic transmission was replaced with an upgraded 4 speed Roto 5 Hydro-Matic transmission, and an all-synchromesh four-speed manual became optional. The bigger news was the arrival of the Oldsmobile Jetfire, a Cutlass pillarless hardtop with a turbocharged version of the 215 V8, dubbed Turbo-Rocket. This paragraph possibly contains original research.
A restyled front end with waterfall, but is not available on the well equipped convertible launched at the same time. The 1990 model is unique in being the only mid, speed manual transmission. Taking its place was a conventional notchback sedan known simply as “Cutlass, advertising shows Cutlass as a separate model series. Meanwhile the all new W, 4 was last produced for the 1991 model year. The Cutlass Ciera was facelifted again with a new grille, and then as the silver over black 1984 model.
Ultimately the Jetfire engine was far ahead of its time. With forced induction and an already high compression ratio the Jetfire was capable of producing more torque than a naturally aspirated engine that was twice its size, significantly improving the engine’s efficiency and usability in real-life driving conditions, turbo lag not being an issue at motorway speeds. F-85’s rear overhang, increasing overall length to 192. The Jetfire and its turbocharged V8 returned, for what would be its final year. Three-row seating was dropped on station wagons. Disappointing sales of the compact F-85, along with the introduction of Ford Motor Company’s intermediate Fairlane in 1962, prompted GM to enlarge the senior compacts for the 1964 model year. The new intermediate F-85 now rode a conventional body-on-frame chassis with a perimeter frame which it shared with the newly-introduced “A-body” Chevrolet Chevelle, and upgraded Buick Special and Pontiac Tempest.
Sales increased to 167,002 for 1964, not counting Vista Cruisers. For 1965 a modest facelift increased overall length to 204. Changes for 1967 included the availability of optional disc brakes and the three-speed Turbo-Hydramatic to supplement the two-speed Jetaway. Cutlass underwent a major body restyle in 1968, as did all other GM A-body cars. Oldsmobile’s was penned by the styling studio headed by Stan Wilen. Base model remained the F-85, with mid-level Cutlass S, and upscale Cutlass Supreme, as well as the 4-4-2, which became a distinct model instead of an option package.
Olds, a special 4-4-2 marketed by Oldsmobile and Hurst Performance. Cutlass models received only minor trim changes from their ’68 counterparts such as a now-Olds trademark split grille with vertical bars and vertical taillights. Per federal safety regulations, headrests were now standard equipment and the ignition switch moved from the instrument panel to the steering column to lock the steering wheel when not in use, in common with all other 1969-model GM cars, one year before the locking steering columns were federally mandated. From 1970 the Cutlass Supreme Holiday Coupe wore a unique notchback roofline. Olds, Olds discontinued the 400 engine entirely and also offered the 455 as an option in the Cutlass S models and the Vista Cruiser wagons.
There was an SX option that became available in 1970 and was available only on the Cutlass Supreme hardtop and convertible. The same assortment of three- and four-speed manual transmissions were carried over from previous years with Hurst shifters used on floor-mounted three-speeds and all four-speeds. The two-speed Jetaway automatic transmission was discontinued entirely with the three-speed Turbo Hydra-matic now the sole offering for shiftless driving. A 1970-only offering was the Oldsmobile Rallye 350, a value-priced high-performance model using the 350 engine.